By Sven G. Sommer, Morten L. Christensen, Thomas Schmidt, Lars Stoumann Jensen
A swiftly altering and increasing farm animals and bird construction region is inflicting a number of environmental difficulties on neighborhood, neighborhood and worldwide scales.
Animal Manure Recycling: remedy and Management provides an obtainable review of environmentally pleasant applied sciences for dealing with animal manure extra successfully and in a sustainable demeanour. The e-book describes the actual and chemical features of animal manure and microbial methods, that includes specified examples and case reviews exhibiting how this data can be utilized in perform. Readers are brought to the sustainable use of animal manure for crop fertilisation and soil amelioration. Environmentally pleasant applied sciences for lowering emissions of ammonia, odour and the greenhouse gases nitrous oxide and methane are awarded, and aid of plant nutrient losses utilizing separation applied sciences is brought. eventually and most significantly, the ebook describes how you can commercialise and move wisdom approximately suggestions to end-users.
Topics coated include:
Regulation of animal manure management
Manure natural topic: features and microbial transformations
Greenhouse gasoline emissions from animal manures and applied sciences for his or her reduction
Technologies and logistics for dealing with, delivery and distribution of animal manures
Animal manure residue upgrading and nutrient restoration in bio-fertilisers
Life cycle evaluation of manure administration systems
- Innovation in animal manure administration and recycling
Animal Manure Recycling: remedy and Management provides cutting-edge assurance of the whole animal manure chain, offering sensible details for engineers, environmental experts, lecturers and complicated scholars eager about clinical, technical and regulatory concerns relating to animal manure administration.
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Extra resources for Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management
Therefore, animal diets may contain much higher trace metal concentrations than plants. For example, copper (Cu) is added to the diet of growing pigs in many intensive production systems as a cost-effective method of enhancing performance and is thought to act as an anti-bacterial agent in the gut. Zinc (Zn) is also used in diets for weaned pigs for the control of post-weaning scours. In poultry production, both Zn and Cu are required in trace amounts. g. limestone added to the feed may contain relatively high levels of Zn and cadmium (Cd)).
V. (2008) Flocculation, coagulation and precipitation of manure affecting three separation techniques. Bioresour. , 99, 8598–8604. A. and Coates, T. (2007) Quantifying ammonia emissions from a cattle feedlot using a dispersion model. J. Environ. , 36, 1585–1590. , Naylor, T. and Rowell, D. (2010) Coarse particulate matter (PM10) emissions from cattle feedlots in Australia. J. Environ. , 39, 791–798. J. W. (1998) Ammonia emission from dairy cow buildings: a review of measurement techniques, inﬂuencing factors and possibilities for reduction.
Regulations on Animal Manure Management 35 An example of regulation of manure management can be found in the state of North Carolina, which has a large pig and poultry production sector concentrated in regions with very high pig and poultry production densities. In the past, liquid pig manure treated in anaerobic lagoons was sprayed on ﬁelds at high application rates. In 2007, the State of North Carolina enacted legislation enforcing the ﬁve environmental performance standards of environmentally superior waste management technology (EST) as a requirement for the construction of new swine farms or expansion of existing swine farms.
Animal Manure Recycling: Treatment and Management by Sven G. Sommer, Morten L. Christensen, Thomas Schmidt, Lars Stoumann Jensen