By Malcolm Heath
What's poetry? Why do humans produce and eat it? What results does it have on them? Can it provide them perception into fact, or is it dangerously deceptive? This booklet is a wide-ranging examine of the very various solutions which historical philosophers gave to such questions. a longer dialogue of Plato's Republic indicates how the 2 discussions of poetry are built-in with one another and with the dialogue's significant topics. Aristotle's Poetics is learn within the context of his figuring out of poetry as a average human behaviour and an intrinsically necessary portion of a superb human existence. chapters hint the advance of the later Platonist culture from Plutarch to Plotinus, Longinus and Porphyry, exploring its highbrow bills to Epicurean, allegorical and Stoic methods to poetry. it is going to be crucial interpreting for classicists in addition to historic philosophers and smooth philosophers of paintings and aesthetics.
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Additional info for Ancient Philosophical Poetics (Key Themes in Ancient Philosophy)
10 Such stories must therefore be suppressed. With regard to the Succession Myth, Socrates says: ‘even if these stories were true, I would not think that they should be told so casually to people lacking in discrimination and maturity; it is best to keep silent, or if there is some reason why it is necessary to tell them, they should be heard as esoteric secrets by as few people as possible’ (378a). Socrates rounds off this section as follows: ‘As regards the gods, then, these are the kinds of stories which it seems they should and should not hear, right from childhood, if they are going to honour the gods and their parents, and not make light of their friendship with each other’ (3, 386a).
Phd. 83d on the power of pleasures and pains to make the soul believe that the truth is what the body says it is. Pleasure and illusion in poetry: Moss 2006. 40 Ancient Philosophical Poetics That is the effect of tragedy (and Homer). Comedy has a similar effect. The catalogue of things that poets must not attribute to heroes in book 3 included uncontrolled laughter (3, 388e–9a) as well as mourning (387d– 8d). When we take pleasure in jokes (whether in comic performance or in social situations) that we would be ashamed to tell ourselves, we strengthen what we normally hold in restraint (10, 606c).
Will a poet show the man taking the loss calmly, or expressing his grief in an intensely emotional way? Obviously, the latter (604d–e). There is more to imitate, because there is more variety in the man’s behaviour. The behaviour of the man who reacts in a calm, rational way is stable, uniform, and dull to watch. ’). Socrates’ unexpectedly indirect route has thus circled back to the audience. 21 So (Point 6) to be successful with a large audience that does not have its appetites and emotions under rational control, imitative poetry must portray people behaving in ways that are not under rational control.
Ancient Philosophical Poetics (Key Themes in Ancient Philosophy) by Malcolm Heath