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Additional info for An International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facility Exploring a Russian Site as a Prototype
4 kg Pd isotopes SOURCE: James Laidler. Development of Separations Technologies Under the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative. Report to the ANTT Subcommittee. December 2002. neutrons created by bombarding protons from a high-energy accelerator on a suitable target. Two examples of transmutation are shown in Figure 2. In addition to transmuting the highly radioactive constituents of spent fuel, there is the possibility of separating out the uranium to sufficient purity that it could be disposed of as Class C low-level waste or reused in reactors.
0E + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 02 02 03 07 06 07 04 07 05 07 07 07 07 06 04 02 04 03 05 04 05 SOURCE: James Laidler. Development of Separations Technologies Under the Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative. Report to the ANTT Subcommittee. December 2002. would not be needed. With no reprocessing, a second repository is estimated to cost $35 billion. The total savings for disposal from separation of uranium and transmutation is estimated at about $53 billion. In addition to the significant cost savings for the first repository and the elimination of the need for a second repository, uranium separation and transmutation could serve the worthwhile goal of reducing the time required for the radiotoxicity of the waste in the repository to settle to the level of natural uranium, and this reduction would be from about 300,000 years to several hundred years, as shown in Figure 4.
Html HANDLING SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL 21 severe environmental restrictions will lead in turn to sharp price competition and corresponding instability. It is nuclear power, with its greater fuel resources using existing technologies, that may be able to stabilize the energy sector in the twenty-first century on an environmentally safe basis. The competitive advantages of this type of energy production are commonly known. Here I would like to focus on history, however: specifically those very joyous predictions that were made with regard to the rates of development of the nuclear energy sector in the 1960s.
An International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facility Exploring a Russian Site as a Prototype by mellinger