By Béla Tomka
A Social background of Twentieth-Century Europe bargains a scientific evaluation on significant facets of social existence, together with inhabitants, kin and families, social inequalities and mobility, the welfare nation, paintings, intake and rest, social cleavages in politics, urbanization in addition to schooling, faith and tradition. It additionally addresses significant debates and diverging interpretations of ancient and social learn concerning the heritage of ecu societies some time past 100 years.
Organized in ten thematic chapters, this e-book takes an interdisciplinary process, utilizing the equipment and result of not just historical past, but in addition sociology, demography, economics and political technology. Béla Tomka provides either the range and the commonalities of ecu societies taking a look not only to Western ecu nations, yet japanese, primary and Southern ecu international locations in addition. an ideal advent for all scholars of eu background.
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Extra info for A Social History of Twentieth-Century Europe
The plunge in fertility was so rapid in Czechoslovakia that this country ended up below the levels of several Western European countries. 26 After the short period of rise after the Second World War, the former trend of fertility recommenced in East Central and South-Eastern Europe, that is, the number of children per family decreased, and the pace of the process even accelerated. In these regions there was no baby boom in the 1950s like in many Western European countries and in North America; however, frequent and signiﬁcant ups and downs in fertility developed.
The rise in life expectancy was rapid in the ﬁrst half of the century and was pronounced even in the 1950s and the early 1960s. 48 Infant mortality deserves special attention, partly because it was the most important contributor to mortality improvement, and partly because it is an excellent indicator of social progress. This is because it depends on several signiﬁcant social and cultural factors, such as infant and child protection, attitudes towards children, availability and quality of health care, lifestyle of the population, or health-related knowledge of the parents.
32 2000 Sources: Jean-Paul Sardon, ‘Generation Replacement in Europe since 1900’, Population: An English Selection, vol. , Europe’s Population in the 1990s, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996, 49–53 (Western Europe 1950–1990; Southern Europe 1950–1990; East Central Europe 1950–1990); Franz Rothenbacher, The European Population, 1850–1945, Houndmills: Palgrave, 2002, CD-ROM Publication (Denmark 1903; Spain 1901–1940); OECD Factbook 2007. , Magyarország történeti demográﬁája, 896–1995, Budapest: KSH, 1997, 320 (Hungary 1900–1941); László Hablicsek, Az elso˝ és a második demográﬁai átmenet Magyarországon és Közép-Kelet-Európában, Budapest: KSH, 1995, 41 (Hungary 1970–1990).
A Social History of Twentieth-Century Europe by Béla Tomka