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Download e-book for kindle: A model discipline: political science and the logic of by Kevin A. Clarke

By Kevin A. Clarke

ISBN-10: 0195382196

ISBN-13: 9780195382198

ISBN-10: 019538220X

ISBN-13: 9780195382204

"In A version self-discipline, Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo flip a severe eye to the methodological process that dominates smooth political technology. Clarke and Primo contend that the field's emphasis on version checking out has resulted in a distortion of either the modeling approach and the artwork of information research and can't be logically justified. The authors argue that types may be visible as "objects" and hence seemed as Read more...

summary: "In A version self-discipline, Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo flip a serious eye to the methodological process that dominates sleek political technological know-how. Clarke and Primo contend that the field's emphasis on version checking out has resulted in a distortion of either the modeling procedure and the paintings of information research and can't be logically justified. The authors argue that versions could be noticeable as "objects" and hence considered as neither real nor fake. versions should still as a substitute be evaluated for his or her usefulness for a specific function. Divided into elements, the e-book first establishes that present perform isn't really philosophy-free and rests on a few questionable assumptions. the second one half specializes in the several ways in which theoretical and statistical versions should be valuable, and closes with a defensible justification for integrating theoretical and statistical versions. a unique paintings of technique, A version self-discipline bargains a brand new viewpoint on long-held assumptions concerning the means learn within the social sciences could be conducted."--Publisher's web site

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Consider, for example, the problem referred to as “the paradox of the ravens” (Hempel 1945). ” Thus, whatever evidence confirms one statement should also confirm the other statement. ” Though the canonical example seems far removed from political science, the paradox does have implications for research. Seawright (2002), for example, argues that cases characterized by neither village autonomy nor social revolution should count as confirmatory evidence for the claim that village autonomy is a necessary condition for social revolution.

Take the bus example. You probably noted when you read it that Bob’s conclusion was not necessarily correct. Perhaps Bob was not late for the bus at all, but rather, it was a holiday, and his usual mass transportation buddies did not have to go to work and therefore were not waiting for the bus. Perhaps the bus route changed the night before, and Bob’s companions were waiting on a different corner. Perhaps the bus route had changed because it was a holiday. The list of possible explanations is nearly infinite.

The problem of nondeductive prediction refers to the fact that most hypotheses in science are statistical and thus not deductive. D. D. 2030 and blue. Of course, until 2030, we can have no idea whether the second part of the claim is true. All observed green emeralds confirm the statement nonetheless. 1 Logical Positivism To understand how H-D gained its hold in political science, we need to understand how a group of philosophers known as logical positivists thought about scientific theories and scientific explanation.

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A model discipline: political science and the logic of representations by Kevin A. Clarke


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