Download e-book for kindle: A History of Violence: Living and Dying in Central America by Oscar Martinez

By Oscar Martinez

ISBN-10: 178478169X

ISBN-13: 9781784781699

This is a publication approximately one of many deadliest areas within the world

El Salvador and Honduras have had the top murder premiums on the earth over the last ten years, with Guatemala shut at the back of. each day greater than 1,000 people—men, ladies, and children—flee those 3 international locations for North the US. Óscar Martínez, writer of The Beast, named the best books of the yr via the Economist, Mother Jones, and the Financial Times, fleshes out those stark figures with precise tales, generating a jarringly attractive and immersive account of lifestyles in lethal locations.

Martínez travels to Nicaraguan fishing cities, southern Mexican brothels the place crucial American girls are trafficked, remoted Guatemalan jungle villages, and crime-ridden Salvadoran slums. along with his specific and empathetic reporting, he explores the underbelly of those afflicted areas. He is going undercover to drink with narcos, accompanies police patrols, rides in trafficking boats and hides out with a gang informer. the result's an unforgettable portrait of a zone of worry and a sophisticated research of the North American roots and achieve of the trouble, aiding to provide an explanation for why this heritage of violence should still subject to we all.

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The controversy surrounding the strategy of deterrence provides a good example. One of the principal policy “lessons” of the 1930s was that appeasement whets the appetites of dictators while military capability and resolve restrains them. The failure of Anglo-French efforts to appease Hitler is well established but the putative efficacy of deterrence rests on the counterfactual that Hitler could have been restrained if France and Britain had demonstrated willingness to go to war in defense of the European territorial status quo.

Their differences—not ours—accordingly become 40 • Chapter Two the focus of attention. 39 China, by contrast, ­developed into a unitary empire, and even during periods of fragmentation, a universal empire was still recognized as the norm. Western scholars have sought to explain why China evolved differently. ”41 These examples indicate how ideology and culture provide the unspoken assumptions that shape our inquires of the social world. These understandings generate expectations, which if they are not met, in the future or historically, give rise to seeming anomalies and interesting research questions.

Good counterfactual thought experiments differ little from “factual” modes of historical reconstruction. , Grishin, Romanov, Ligachev), and infer their policies on the basis of their past preferences and commitments, the political environment in 1985, and the general domestic and foreign situation of the Soviet Union. There is a lot of evidence that sustains informed arguments about the kind of domestic and foreign policies that these leaders might have pursued. Admittedly, unexpected events, like Mathias Rust’s Cessna flight to Red Square in May 1987, which Gorbachev exploited to purge the military of many hardliners, can also have a significant influence on policy, its timing or success.

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A History of Violence: Living and Dying in Central America by Oscar Martinez

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