Download e-book for kindle: A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 by Stanley G. Payne

By Stanley G. Payne

ISBN-10: 1857285956

ISBN-13: 9781857285956

Stanley G. Payne right here provides a whole historical past of fascism in interwar Europe, in addition to a survey of fascist conception and postwar fascism.

The writer examines all significant fascist activities in addition to other kinds of authoritarian nationalism and offers a finished paintings on prevalent fascism thus far. The publication strains the phenomenon of fascism throughout the heritage of principles, prior political routine, and the occasions of the 1st global battle. even though the focal point is mainly fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, the publication additionally offers designated realization to the Romanian Iron safeguard, Franco's Spain, Japan and proto-fascist activities round the globe.

The writer explores the explanations for either the boundaries of fascism's charm and the ancient transcendence of the "fascist era".The inclusion of different kinds of authoritarian nationalism lays a origin for comparative research and results in a extra conceivable definition of authoritarianism.

It might be priceless analyzing for college kids learning the increase of totalitarianism in twentieth-century Europe and for these all for the increase of ultranationalism this day.

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Additional resources for A History of Fascism, 1914-1945

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It would be grossly inaccurate to argue that this process proceeded independent of fascism, but neither was it merely synonymous with fascism. It thus becomes crucial for purposes of comparative analysis to distinguish clearly between fascist movements per se and the nonfascist (or sometimes protofascist) authoritarian right. During the early twentieth century there emerged a cluster of new rightist and conservative authoritarian forces in European politics that rejected moderate nineteenth-century conservatism and simple old-fashioned reaction in favor of a more modern, technically proficient authoritarian system distinct from both leftist revolution and fascist radicalism.

Guillaumin, L’idéologie du racisme (Paris, 1972). 13. Boissel, Victor Courtet (1813–1867) premier théoricien de la hiérarchie des races (Paris, 1972). Cultural Transformation of the Fin de siècle 31 divided humanity into three basic races—white, yellow, and black—and found the white or “Aryan” race completely superior, the black race hopelessly inferior. Despite this clear-cut categorization, Gobineau’s conclusions were thoroughly pessimistic, holding that no race could maintain its purity and integrity and was condemned to decay through racial mixing and degeneration.

16 Introduction The new right authoritarian groups combated many of the same things that fascists opposed (especially liberalism and Marxism) and did espouse some of the same goals. Moreover, there were numerous instances of tactical alliances— usually temporary and circumstantial—between fascists and right authoritarians, and sometimes even cases of outright fusion, especially between fascists and the radical right, who always stood rather closer to fascists than did the more moderate and conservative authoritarian right.

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A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 by Stanley G. Payne

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